THE WAR ON TERROR
– M. DANMADAMI
Writing in a publication, NIGERIAN DEFENCE AND SECURITY ISSUES AND OPTIONS FOR POLICY Edited by T.A. Imobighe and published by department of Research, National Institute for policy and strategic studies Kuru in co-operation with Macmillan Nigeria. Publishers Ltd, M. Danmadam; states that political instability has always been a major source of serious threat to internal security.
In his report, on intelligence and internal security, he listed the following factors which could be exploited internally by political demagogues, the spy and the subversionist, to include political immaturity on the part of some members of the country’s ruling class who use their privileged positions for personal aggrandizement rather than to serve the masses.
He identified insatiable lust for political power characterized by deliberate falsehood, political intolerance and victimization of political opponents merely for the purpose of satisfying the insatiable ego.
Ethnic and cultural heterogeneity and religious intolerance giving rise to strife and mutual recriminations are also reasons for political instability.
Social disorganization as a result of indiscipline and criminality, educational imbalance and economic constraints giving rise to inequitable distribution of resources. Industrial unrest – arising from absence of trade unions ethics and government insensitivity to legitimate demands by the workers also figure. He also paid attention to politicization of census and rigging of election processes as another factor among several other factors that have destabilizing effect on Nigerian internal security.
USING INTELLIGENCE THE RIGHT WAY
He stated that a good intelligence system is necessary to forwarn a nation of impending danger to its security ‘Nigeria’ according to him gained intelligence independence in 1976 with the establishment of the NSO-Nigerian security organization as a result of the attempted subversion of the country which led to the assassination of Nigeria’s dynamic Head of State, general Muritala Mohammed. Even though the new body was made independent of the Nigeria police, it did not quite divest itself of the police image as the nucleus of its early Staff was made up of police personnel. This probably affected the NSO’s narrow conception of its role as more of police duties than real intelligence gathering.
“All Along’ He says “it would seem Nigeria’s intelligence agency viewed intelligence narrowly as limited to the protection and perpetuation of the incumbent authority in power.
The Nigerian intelligence have performed poorly because of the above, and also lack of adequate equipment, trained manpower as well as poor communication and other infrastructural facilities.
Mr. DanMadami suggest ways of improving intelligence in Nigeria ‘it must be well organized and integrated into the country’s overall defence and security efforts. Their activities should be properly co-ordinated with those of the country’s diplomatic missions, the police, the armed forces and other security agents like the customs and immigrations as well as other government departments. In addition, greater use should be made of the Nigerian public for intelligence gathering. The efforts of the Nations intelligence agents should include collecting information about the general goings-on within and around the country. They should be able to monitor the nation’s pulse all the time by following up the activities of both the rulers and the ruled, most importantly Nigerian’s intelligence agents should improve on their counter intelligence activities.
He recommends recruiting from among Nigerians with proven integrity and complete loyalty to the Nation and adequate facilities provided for their training and continuous improvement in relation to the performance of their duties
THE WAR ON TERROR